During the season changing period from autumn to winter, the temperature performance has the characteristics of both autumn and fall. The temperature will decrease suddenly, so people are vulnerable to the attack of intestinal infectious diseases and respiratory infections pathogens. So, in the late autumn especially in November, people should focus on preventing diarrhea and other intestinal infectious diseases, influenza and other respiratory diseases.
Autumn diarrhea is also known as viral diarrhea, which is caused by series of virus infection. Their incubation periods are only several hours to three days, and the clinical symptoms are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms. In some cases, patients are accompanied by fever and even serious dehydration symptoms. The viral diarrhea often occurs in the end of autumn and the beginning of winter. The infection objects are mainly infants, school children and primary school student, and it is mainly infected by polluted water or infectious foods. So, it is easy to break out in education organizations.
November is also the marketing time of a variety of aquatic products, so it is also the peak season of Hepatitis E and Hepatitis A occurrence. These two kinds of acute intestinal infectious diseases are caused by hepatitis virus A and E, and the clinical symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting and liver pain. Some patients even have jaundice and abnormal liver function. Eating raw or undercooked seafood, unhealthy foods or poor personal hygiene habits are the main risk factors of infecting viral hepatitis.
People should also notice the prevention of epidemic hemorrhagic fever, and the major transmitting vectors are mice. It often occurs in winter and spring. In the epidemic season, once people have sudden fever, “three redness” (red face, red neck and red chest), “three pains” (headache, back pain or eye pain) and skin mucous membrane bleeding, they should go to hospital for immediate treatment.
Due to the seasonal temperature changes, people should also prevent the common cold and flu. It is better to keep warm, increase physical activities, avoid going to public places and keep air ventilation. In addition, the coming of cold wave is possible to induce stroke and other cerebrovascular accidents, so patients of hypertension and other chronic diseases should pay attention to cold prevention.
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